Ms. LaViolette lists 18 publications on her Curriculum Vitae (CV). Her book is listed twice since there was a second edition. A third edition of her book is scheduled for release April 23, 2013. If she counts the third edition of the book, she would then have 19 publications.
Peer Reviewed Publications
According to her CV, Ms. LaViolette lists four journal articles. Journal articles are typically peer reviewed. Were Ms. LaViolettes’ peer reviewed? Peer reviewed means that usually two to four reviewers, familiar with research in a particular area, carefully evaluate a manuscript, and decide whether or not it is acceptable for publication. Information about the reviewers and the review process, for these articles, could not be obtained. Let’s look at possible reasons why no information could be found.
Journal Article #1
LaViolette, A. (2009). Assessing intimate partner violence: A context sensitive aggression scale. Journal of Child Custody, 6, 219- 231.
In this article, Ms. LaViolette is listed as the only author. Currently, this article is not accessible in full text form. This typically means that it is not a widely read journal. The journal is only published four times a year which is an unusually small number. The context of the article appears to deal with a continuum of aggression related to intimate partner violence. Ms. LaViolette is also on the editorial board of this journal, which might help to explain why it may have been published in the first place. There are many bigger and fully accepted journals that deal with this subject area. One would wonder why she did not attempt to have it published in one of the more prestigious journals or if she did submit it, why the editors rejected the article.
Journal Article #2
LaViolette, A. (2001) Batterers’ treatment: Observations from the trenches. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 5 (2), 45-56.
This article was simultaneously published in the book Domestic Violence Offenders: Current Interventions, Research and Implications for Policies and Standards by Robert A. Geffner and Alan Rosenbaum. It would appear to be a chapter or part of a chapter in that book.
This article was accessible via full text. It begins with Ms. LaViolette recounting her early work in domestic violence (DV) shelters, particularly the 1979 development of a women’s shelter program called Alternatives to Violence (ATV). ATV was designed to help battered wives and is based on the shelter philosophy of “male power and privilege” (p. 47). She then traces the evolution of DV programs, and provides case examples.
This article is descriptive in nature. It is basically the history of her early work experience, replete with anecdotes and plenty of interesting stories like the ones she relates in her testimony. She offers no causal data, no testable theoretical models. There is nothing of an experimental nature. There are no results that could be verified by a reviewer or a peer. There is no statistical analysis. It is basically unverifiable. It is a collection of her untested opinions and things she saw with her own eyes. Is she right? We’ll never know because there is nothing there to test.
This was similar to the criticism that Prosecutor Martinez expressed in his cross-examination of Ms. Laviolette. He said to her that her findings in the Jodi Arias case could not be scientifically tested and amounted to just her opinion.
Journal Article #3:
Ms. LaViolette co-authored an article in a journal called: Victimology: An International Journal, entitled: A classification of wife abusers on the BEM sex-role inventory.
This is listed as a journal article on her CV but it could only be found as a paper presented at a 1984 conference for family violence researchers in New Hampshire.
There is a major difference between an unpublished paper (presented at a conference) and a published paper. Many, many papers are presented at conferences. Few papers are published, and fewer still are published in credible, peer reviewed journals. Ms. LaViolette’s paper does not appear to have been published, though she lists it as such in her CV. She says it was published in the journal Victimology: An International Journal. I could find no evidence of the current existence of this journal.
There is a journal with a similar title called International Review of Victimology but I could not locate Ms. LaViolette’s aforementioned article in this journal. The universities from which I tried to gain access to the article do not index this journal which means again, it is mostly likely not widely read. She incorrectly lists this paper on her CV as a journal article when it is really appears to be only a conference paper.
Journal Article #4:
Ms. LaViolette co-authored a 1980 article entitled “Spouse abuse” in the Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.
I searched for this paper but could not locate a journal called Journal of Occupational Health Nursing. There is a journal with a related title called Occupational Health Nursing by it was not indexed by the universities which suggests that it either is not widely read or that the Journal of Occupational Health Nursing is no longer in existence. The article is listed as a citation in Google scholar so it does appear to be a real article but when I clicked on the link to read the abstract, the abstract was missing.
Ms. LaViolette’s Book
Ms. LaViolette co-authored a book: It Could Happen to Anyone: Why Battered Women Stay that was released in 1993, with a subsequent edition in 2000. A new release is expected on April 23, 2013. Sage Publications is listed as the publisher. It is most likely the case that Ms. LaViolette’s book was edited but not peer reviewed. Editing and peer review are very different. Editing involves reviewing a manuscript for grammatical and stylistic errors, whereas peer review involves the rigorous review of whether a manuscript is credible and scientifically valid.
The remaining articles listed on her CV were published in magazines, brochures, booklets, newsletters, encyclopedias, or non-specified sources. These sources are not peer reviewed. The majority of her publications are of this sort.
Prosecutor Martinez, in his cross-examination, showed evidence that Ms. LaViolette’s CV contained mistakes or misstatements or perhaps worse. It is interesting to note that all of the “mistakes” that he has identified and all of the ones presented in this article, if left unidentified, result in Ms. LaViolette appearing to be more prestigious and more accomplished than if the “mistakes” went unnoticed.
Ms. LaViolette, has spoken of her grand theory of domestic violence. It has gone unchallenged. Perhaps she should have left it that way. She will no longer go unchallenged. Her new high visibility public profile, no longer allows for that. Prosecutor Martinez will challenge her grand theory. In that I have confidence.
I am reminded of a quote by Nietzsche. “The visionary lies to himself, the liar only to others.”
Read the rest of my Jodi Arias articles about the trial.